Thursday, April 16, 2015

Barons Wars - Lewes 14th May, 1264, Order of battle

Battle of Lewes 1264

For several years now I have been trying to put together a knights roll for the battle of Lewes in 1264, I had this on the "lance and Longbow forum" for some time but when it closed I decided to move it here for ease of updating. I plan to add another article with the coat of arms of each knight that I paint, and the family history, holdings, fealty and peerage line if possible also as I get around to it. I plan to write a book about this period as I find it fascinating. The Unlucky General and I commenced the project back in 2015 and I have purchased all of the figures for the project. I think he has now passed me for painted miniatures......must crack on.

Here is the list I have so far

Monfortian Rebel Barons Army
400 horse 4400 foot Right Ward
Humphrey (V) de Bohun
John de Burgh
Henry de Montfort
Guy De Montfort

Centre Ward
Gilbert de Clare (the red)(Earl of Gloucester)(lord of Glamorgan)
William de Say (standard bearer of Gilbert de Clare)
John FitzJohn
William de Montchensy
Sir John Beavs

Left Ward
Nicholas de Segrave
Henry de Hastings (Constable of Kenilworth Castle)
Sir Hugh Peche
John Giffard
Hervey de Borham.
Robert de Vere 5th earl of Oxford,
Geoffrey de Lucy

Reserve battle
Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester
Ralph de Horingunder (standard bearer)
Guy de Balliol (Lord of Cavours, or Cavers, in Scotland. Served as de Montfort’s standard-bearer at Evesham, killed at Evesham)
Alderman Thomas of Pevelsdon
William Le Blound (Blount) ( Baron of Ixworth, standard bearer, died at Lewes)
Walter de Cothenham

Unplaced Rebel knights
Richard de Sandwich (Bishop of London)
Geoffrey Cuberle
Nicholas Seagrave (fought at Evesham)
Henry de Braunceston
Rodger Bigod (earl of Norfolk)
John de Burgh
Thomas de Clare
Sir John Beavs
Ralph Basset 1st Baron of Sapcote (sheriff of Lincolnshire, Gov of Northampton castle died at Evesham)
Ralph Basset of Drayton ( Lord of Drayton and Basset in Staffordshire , Died at Evesham)
Stephen Basset
John Beauchamp (Baron of Bedford, of Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, killed at Evesham)
William de Mandeville (killed at Evesham)
Hugh de Despenser (earl of Pembroke) (killed at Evesham)
John Le Despencer
Rodger Le Despenser
Norman d'Arcy
William de Arden Lord of Rotley, Warwickshire. Tenant and vassal of Peter de Montfort. Also held the manor of Pedemore, and lands and tenants in Crudworth, Minneworth, Moxhull, Esthendmore, and Overton. At Evesham
Thomas de Arden, (son of above) Hanwell in Oxfordshire captured at Evesham

John de Burgh,
Robert de Ros
John de Vesey
Richard de Vipont (died from wounds at Evesham)
Ralph Heringot (Welsh)
John de Burdeleys
Thomas de Astley (Lord of Astley, Warwickshire. Steward to Simon de Montfort)
William Maltravers
John Gifford
Anketinus de Martivall’
Ankerus de Frescheville
Richard Folyot (Foliot)
Stephen de Berksted Bishop of Chichester.
William de Birmingham (Baron of Dudley, Manor of Hoggeston, died at Evesham)
Richard de Trussel
Robert Fitz Nicholas
Robert de Hartshill
Hugh de Neville
Walter de Colville
Adam de Newmarket
Baldwin Bake
Walter de Cantilupe (bishop of Worcester)
Giles de Argentan Lord of Wymondley in Hertfordshire and Melbourn in Cambridgeshire
Fulk of Deane
Harry de Hastings
Genculine de Bladesmere (Baron Badlesmere)
Rodger Bertram (Barons of Bertram and Midford)
Baron John Deyville (Egmanton)
Robert Deyville
Adam Deyville
Nicholas Deyville
Goscelin Deyville
Robert de Wyleby
Ralph de Rowhale
John de Tevelby
Alexander de Kirketon
Richard de Havering
John de Havering
Simon de Stoke
William de Turevil
Thomas de Cronesley (killed Evesham)
Robert de Motun de Peyclinton (killed Evesham)
Nicholas de Wyvile
Saer de Harcourt
Geoffroy de Skeffington
William de Preston
John de Reygate
Brian de Gorva
William de Martell
Robert de Burdett
Richard de Vernon
John de Cocfeud
Stephen de Holewell
John de Holewell
Robert de Sutton
John de Ba
John de la Haye
Richard de Sees
Henry de Albermarle
William Marmyun (Marmion)
William Greyndore
Robert de Wolverington
Robert de Wileby
Adam de Waleys
Hugh de Staneford
Henry de Ireton
Robert de Wollaton
Adam Gurdon
Robert de Verdun
David de Uffington
John de la Ware
Robert Ode of Harbury
John de Vilur
John de Ludham
Rodger Godberd
William Godberd
William de Munchensy
William de Butler, sheriff of Lancashire
Sir William de Malebise
Sir Adam de Killom
Mauger le Vavasur
Richard de Halstead sheriff of Holderness
Hugh de Coleworth
Henry Perdereschue (seneschal to Gilbert de Clare)
Thomas de Curteys
Ralph Haringod (killed at Lewes)
John Becard Burton Leonard in Yorkshire. Household knight of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester, killed at Evesham
Henry de Berham Lord of Barham Court, near Canterbury, and Teston, on the Medway near Maidstone. killed at Evesham
Richard de Berham, killed at Evesham
Ralph Bluet, Lord of Hinton Bluet in Wiltshire, killed at Evesham
Humphrey de Bolesdun, killed at Evesham
William de Boyton Lord of Boyton and Newton, Suffolk, killed at Evesham
Robert de Burdeyt, knight in the company of the earl of Leicester, killed at Evesham
Thomas de Cailly (Caleye) Buckenham in Norfolk. knight in the company of the earl of Leicester killed at Evesham. 

Captured at the siege of Northampton, before Lewes;
Simon junior de Montfort, Peter de Montfort (killed at Evesham) Piers de Montfort (killed at Evesham), Robert de Monfort, Adam of Newmarch, Baldwin Wake, William Marshall (Marescall), William de Ferrers, Rodger Bertram de Mitford, Simon FitzSimon, Reginald de Waterville, Hugh Gebyon, Philip de Drieby, Thomas Maunsel, Rodger Boteville, Robert de Newington, Grimbald Pauncefot, William de Furnival, William de Warre, Guy du Lewknor (azure three chevrons argent), John de Dykelynge, Hugh de Pembrigge, William de Harecurte, William de Gyleford, John Esturney, Richard de Caleworth, Ralph Perot (Peroth), Ingram de Baillol, Guy Russell (steward of the bishop of London), Richard de Hemyngton, Simon de Pateshyll, William de Wheltoun, Eustace de Watford, Edmund de Arderne, Phillip FitzRobert, Robert Maloree, Rodger de Hyde, Andrew de Jarpenville, Rodger de Hakelington, William de Preston, Simon Waterville, Hamo de Wycleston, Roger de Monteney, William de Angevin, Ralph de Diva, Philip de Daventre, Richard Everard, Ralph de Wodckyme, Rodger de S. Philibert, I d Rye, William de Lymare, Hugh de Twye, John de Boseville, Ralph de Brotton, John de Bracebridge, Baron John de Vescy, Robert de Bingham

Unplaced Rebel Knights
Richard de Grey was holding Dover Castle.(fought at Evesham)
Walter de Colville
Robert de Toeny.
Reginald de Grey (holding the coast?)
Stephen Bersted (?)
Robert III de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby - pillaging in the North (served as a Templar Knight)
John Deyville (in the North)
Thomas de Cantilupe Lord Abergavenny?
John de la Cowe (constable of Kenilworth)
Robert Corbett
Ralph de Normanville. (Possibly from Empingham in Rutland), killed at Evesham 
Robert Blunde
Rodger Mersse 
Stephen de Boulers 
Odo de Hodnet 
Robert Pycot
Thomas Hord
Richard Pech
John de Arundel

Royalists Army 1500 horse and 6000 foot Left ward
King Henry
Humphrey (IV) de Bohun (2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex) (switched sides and fought for Simon at Evesham, Died in captivity at Beeston Castle 27th Oct 1265)
Rodger of Leybourne (sheriff of Cumberland) (Marcher Lord)
William Basset
Phillip Basset (Justicar)
William de Axmouth
William de Wilton (Justicar)
Elias de Rabayn sheriff of Dorset

Middle ward
Earl Richard of Cornwall (King of the Romans)
Prince Edmund Plantagenet (Earl of Chester)
Robert de Bruce (5th Lord of Annandale, and Lord of Hartlepool/Hartness, Known Templar Knight)
John Bailleul (Lord of Bailleul, Barnard Castle, Gainford and later King of Scotland, known Templar knight)
John Comyn the red (Scottish) Lord of Badenoch (supported rebels at Evesham)
John Fitz-Alan Earl of Sussex, Lord of Clun and Oswestry
Henry de Percy.
Guy de Bailleul

Right ward
Prince Edward
Warin III de Bassingbourne and Blyborough (Edwards standard bearer)
William de Valence (Guillaume de Lusignan, 1st Earl of Wexford and 1st Earl of Pembroke)
Guy de Lusignan
John de Warenne (6th earl of Surrey)
Hugh Bigod (Justiciar)
William I of Blois Earl of Warren
Phillip de Valence
Antony Bek (later Prince Bishop of Durham)
William de Mautravers
Nicholas de Lewknor
William de London

Unplaced Royalist Knights

William Bardolf (Baron Bardolf)(taken prisoner after Lewes) (governor of Nottingham castle)
Reginald Fitzpeter
Thomas de Wymondham (King Henrys treasurer)
Peter de Percy sheriff of York
Rodger de Clifford
Robert de Tattershall
Rodger de Someri
William Basset
Phillip Basset
Henry Almaine
Humphrey de Valence
Rodger Mortimer Lord of Radnor, Baron of Wigmore
Rodger Leyburn
Hugh. de Balsham bishop of Ely
John de Vaux
Hamo le Strange
Henry de Allmaine (brother of Earl Richard of Cornwall)
Peter Fitzherbet
Fulk Fitzwarren (Matthew Paris records “Fulke Fitz Warren...being drowned in the river” after the battle of Lewes
William de Wilton Justicar (killed at Lewes)
John de Warenne
James de Audley
Alan de la Zouche
William de la Zouche
Richard de Tany
Peter Giffard
Osbert Giffard
Reynold Giffard
William Maudit (or Mauduit), 8th Earl of Warwick
Amalric de Lusignan (not 100% certain, perhaps in France)
Adam de Grenville
Simon III de Senlis (not 100% certain, perhaps in France)
Ralph (of Stanstead) de Gernon (not 100% certain, perhaps in France )
Geoffrey de Neville of Hornby Castle, Lancashire (captured at Lewes?)
Robert de Neville
John de Grey
Walter de Grey
William de Grey
Ranulf Dacre
Baldwin Wake
Adam of Jesmond, sheriff of Northumberland
Andrew de Peverell of Hampshire
Hugh de Peverell of Devon
Hugh de Saunford
William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick (not 100% certain, may of been in the North)
James de Audley (Aldithley) (not certain, Governor of Castles Salop and Bridgenorth, sheriff of Salop/Shropshire and Stafford)
William II Longespée (2nd Earl of Salisbury, perhaps in the right ward)
Walter de Burgh ( 2nd Lord of Connaught and 1st Earl of Ulster, possibly still in Ireland)
Hugh de Baliol ( 3rd Baron of Biweld, county of Northumberland)
Alain de Plugenet
Robert de Walerand
John de Oketon sheriff of Yorkshire
Simon de Creye
Richard de Wernun
Walter de Burges
Ralph de Bakepuz
Thomas de Audeham
Phillip de Cantilupe, Somerset
Geoffroy de Rus, Sheriff Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire
Sir John Vallibus
sir Hugh de Bradele
William Charles
Alan de Kirkby
William de Mortain
John de Vavasur
Sir William Douglas (longleg) scottish
William Douglas (son of above the hardy) scottish
Rodger Mohaut

Not Present
Peter de Neville (Not Present, constable of castle)
Thomas Corbett Baron of Caus ( defending the welsh marchers)

Comte de St Pol (french mercenary commander) bought 200 men with him
Luke de Tany (gascon)
Count of Boulogne (french Mercenary commander) 200 knights and supporting arms May 1267

from various sources


Fine Rolls of Henry III ... l_061.html

Close Rolls of the Reign of Henry III, 1264-1268,

Giles, J. A. (trans.) (1854) Matthew Paris’s English History 1235-1273 (London) Vol1-3

Annales de Oseneia

Secondary Early blazon site of Lewes and Evesham
the peerages of England Ireland and Scotland
The Art of war in the Middle Ages by Sir Charles Oman
English Heritage battlefield report. Battle of Lewes.
The Second Barons War, John Sadler, IBSN 978 1 84415 831 7
The Pageant of England 1272 - 1377 The Three Edwards Thomas B Costain IBSN 0 426 12335 2
Battle royal;: A new account of Simon de Montfort's struggle against King Henry III Tufton Beamish