Sunday, March 10, 2013

Primae Legio Armeniaca

Another  pseudocomitatensis Legio, possibly founded in the third century by  Diocletian. Under the command of Magister Militum per Orientem per Pontica.

  I have only found one reference to garrison of the Primae Legio Armeniaca, the coastal city of Anemurium (on the tip of Cape Anamur, opposite Cyprus)  the city was sacked by the the Sassanids in 260 AD. The unit was raised to the Field Army status to take part in Julian's' campaign of 363, and was still part of the feild army in 395AD (ND).

The figures are from the Crusader Late Roman range, the shields are hand painted, and this is my second last infantry unit in this army.


Friday, March 8, 2013

I Parthica Severiana Antoniniana

One of the three Parthian Legions (raised in Thrace and Macedonia), by the Emperor Lucius Spetimius Severus for his successful campaign against the Sassanids in 197AD (sacking Ctesiphon). After the campaign I Parthica was then posted to the fortress city of Singara (Sinjar, Iraq)controlling the road between Edessa and Nisibis for the next 150 years. 

 From Inscriptions we also know that the Legio was at one time in Lycia and Cyrenaica. The First Parthian were all but destroyed in the siege of Singara in 360AD, sub units retired  to Bezbade (modern Cizre, Turkey) but this also fell to the Sassanids. Some must of escaped these disasters and the Legion was reformed and  transferred to Constantina (Tella, on the road between Edessa and Nisibis) and later Cepha where they remained until the 5th century.

Gordian III & Tranquillina. 238-244 AD. Æ 33mm (26.18 gm). Singara mint.Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian, right, facing diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left Tyche seated left on rock, holding small branch over river god swimming left; above Centaur Sagittarius shooting arrow from bow.

The units emblem was a Centaur, the figures are from the crusader range, the shields are hand painted and are copied from a tile mosaic which is attributed to a Parthian Legio. 


Sunday, March 3, 2013

Cuneus Equitum Secundorum Clibanariorum Palmirenorum

Next unit off the table for my is my last unit of heavy cavalry for my Romans, the Cuneus Equitum Secundorum Clibanariorum Palmirenorum, this unit was stationed in Antioch under the command of the Comitatus Orientis.  

The Units name has caused a lot of confusion among historians for some time, Cuneus means wedge in latin, so did the Palmirenorum fight in a blunt wedge, or were they a small part of the whole unit, the Secundorum is the second; the second Clibanariorum Palmirenorum, where is the first, was it destroyed, disbanded? And finally who raised it? Is it a unit that was raised by the Lion of Palmyra and did not take part in Zenobia's rebellion?

I wanted to do a unit that was a little different from my first unit, with a mix of open faces. I have not found out yet if they campaigned with any of the Roman campaigns in the east, but I suspect that they may have. The Miniatures are all A & A except two horses (face armour) which are Gripping Beast, the colours are all conjectural.